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Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990

The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in 1990. The ADA is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities in all areas of public life, including jobs, schools, transportation, and all public and private places that are open to the general public.
americans with disabilities act of 1990
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Who is protected under the Americans with Disabilities Act?

Passed by Congress in 1990, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) is the nation's first comprehensive civil rights law addressing the needs of people with disabilities, prohibiting discrimination in employment, public services, public accommodations, and telecommunications.

What illness are covered under the Americans Disabilities Act?


  • Deafness.
  • Blindness.
  • Diabetes.
  • Cancer.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Intellectual disabilities.
  • Partial or completely missing limbs.
  • Mobility impairments requiring the use of a wheel chair.
  • Autism.
  • Cerebral palsy.
  • HIV infection.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Muscular dystrophy.
  • Major depressive disorder.
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • Schizophrenia.


Although there is not an exhaustive list of disabilities under the ADA, the regulations identify medical conditions that would easily be considered a disability within the meaning of the law.

What conditions qualify for disability?

The SSA's Listing of Impairments is generally broken down by bodily system or function. There are separate lists for adults and children under the age of 18. For adults, the medical conditions that qualify for SSDI or SSI include:


  • Musculoskeletal problems, such as back conditions and other dysfunctions of the joints and bones
  • Senses and speech issues, such as vision and hearing loss
  • Respiratory illnesses, such as asthma and cystic fibrosis
  • Cardiovascular conditions, such as chronic heart failure or coronary artery disease
  • Digestive tract problems, such as liver disease and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Neurological disorders, such as multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Parkinson's disease, and epilepsy
  • Blood disorders, such as sickle cell disease or hemophilia
  • Mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, autism, or intellectual disability
  • Immune system disorders, such as HIV/AIDS, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and kidney disease

What are the guidelines for ADA?

Among other things, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) ensures access to the built environment for people with disabilities.  The ADA Standards establish design requirements for the construction and alteration of facilities subject to the law.  These enforceable standards apply to places of public accommodation, commercial facilities, and state and local government facilities.

How much money do you get on disability?

SSI is basically a need based program and because it is the amount a person may receive is pre-defined. For 2017, the maximum amount that a person may receive for SSI disability is $735 per month. Keep in mind, however, that the SSI amount a person receives may be reduced if the individual has earned income. It may also be reduced due to family income. 

For instance, if a minor-age child receives SSI, the check may be reduced if one or both of the parents have income. Likewise, the SSI benefits of an adult may be reduced if he or she is married and the spouse has income. 

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